Starting this blog’s ninth year with a 2022 rodent study of sulforaphane neuroprotection:
“An example of endogenous neuroprotection is ischemia-resistance of the hippocampal regions comprising the CA2, CA3, CA4 and dentate gyrus subfields (here abbreviated to CA2-4,DG) which can be contrasted with the ischemia-vulnerable CA1 region, which is noted in rodents as well as humans.
As with CA2-4,DG, nuclear Nrf2 levels are also higher in the olfactory bulb, while in the cortex, striatum, and cerebellum, they are similar to ones observed in the CA1 region.
We found an in vitro dose-dependent response to administration of sulforaphane on neuronal viability, with an optimal effect noted where the dose was 10 µM. A protective effect was also evident in vivo when a single 5 mg/kg dose of sulforaphane was administered intraperitoneally with delay to ischemia.
Morphology of the CA1 region stratum pyramidale was significantly improved in comparison to ischemia-operated group, with mean numbers of proper cells being 35 ± 19 and 20 ± 7, respectively, for subjects injected during ischemia or 30 min into reperfusion. Morphology of the CA2-4,DG region did not reveal change between the ischemia-operated, SFN-injected, and control groups.
We suggest that high levels of nuclear Nrf2 activity in CA2-4,DG may guarantee resistance of this region to I/R episode, while at the same time offering a potential explanation for the phenomenon of differential sensitivities of hippocampal regions. Our results are in line with the existing view that Nrf2 activation may represent a promising therapeutic strategy against cerebral ischemia.
The uniqueness of Nrf2 lies in its pleiotropic action and subsequent regulation of multiple cytoprotective pathways. This may support more efficient neuroprotection compared to single-target strategies.”
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12035-022-03166-x “Is Nrf2 Behind Endogenous Neuroprotection of the Hippocampal CA2-4,DG Region?”
Winter beach shock therapy