Eat broccoli sprouts for your gut

Two 2022 papers, starting with a review of sulforaphane’s effects on intestinal inflammation: “This review summarizes characteristics of intestinal inflammation, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of sulforaphane (SFN) and its various protective effects on intestinal inflammation, and possible future applications of SFN for promoting intestinal health. SFN is an effective agonist of Nrf2, and it is also … Continue reading Eat broccoli sprouts for your gut

Reversibility of AGEs concentrations

This 2021 rodent study investigated dietary advanced glycation end products (AGEs): “There is increasing evidence in humans and animals that consumption of dietary AGEs contribute to AGEs measured in plasma and organs and that a diet high in dietary AGEs in humans has negative biological effects, such as low-grade inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and insulin resistance. … Continue reading Reversibility of AGEs concentrations

Signaling pathways and aging

This 2022 study investigated biological mechanisms of aging: “Age-related multimorbidity, the presence of more than one age-related disease (ARD) in an individual, poses a major and increasing challenge. Open questions are whether mechanisms of aging can explain ARD co-occurrence in patients, and whether intervention into these mechanisms could prevent or treat multiple ARDs simultaneously. Five … Continue reading Signaling pathways and aging

Nanoencapsulating Brassica bioactives with Brassica membrane vesicles

Two 2022 in vitro studies from the group that published Red cabbage effects on gut microbiota, with the first nanoencapsulating sulforaphane: “Sulforaphane (SFN) loaded into membrane vesicles derived from broccoli plants was studied to determine anti-inflammatory potential in a human-macrophage-like in vitro cell model under both normal and inflammatory conditions. LPS increased IL-6 levels 1.86-fold. … Continue reading Nanoencapsulating Brassica bioactives with Brassica membrane vesicles

CD38 and balance

I’ll highlight this 2022 review’s relationships between inflammation and cluster of differentiation 38: “We review the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) catabolizing enzyme CD38, which plays critical roles in pathogenesis of diseases related to infection, inflammation, fibrosis, metabolism, and aging. NAD is a cofactor of paramount importance for an array of cellular processes related to mitochondrial … Continue reading CD38 and balance

Trained immunity genes

This 2021 human cell study investigated trained immunity responses: “We integrated genetic, epigenetic, and functional validation data to shed light on regulation of trained immunity responses. This data integration revealed a novel role of SIGLECs and KDM4 genes on trained immunity responses. Siglec-5 is an inhibitory receptor that dampens the immune response, and was found … Continue reading Trained immunity genes

Week 87 of Changing to a youthful phenotype with sprouts

This week I dialed back eating microwaved 3-day-old broccoli / red cabbage / mustard sprouts from twice a day to once a day. For my reasoning, here are two papers on broccoli sprouts and thyroid function, with the first a 2018 human study: “We analyzed biochemical measures of thyroid function and thyroid autoimmunity in a … Continue reading Week 87 of Changing to a youthful phenotype with sprouts

Eat broccoli sprouts for your liver

This 2021 rodent study investigated sulforaphane pretreatment’s role in reducing liver injuries: “As a double blood supply organ of the portal vein and artery, the liver is highly sensitive to ischemia, and is one of the common organs to suffer from hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HI/RI). HI/RI leads to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Overdoses … Continue reading Eat broccoli sprouts for your liver

Prevent your brain from shrinking

My 800th curation is a 2021 human diet and lifestyle study: “Brain atrophy is correlated with risk of cognitive impairment, functional decline, and dementia. This study (a) examines the statistical association between brain volume (BV) and age for Tsimane, and (b) compares this association to that of 3 industrialized populations in the United States and … Continue reading Prevent your brain from shrinking

Does sulforaphane treat autism?

A 2021 human study investigated sulforaphane treatments of autistic 3-to-12-year-olds: “Sulforaphane (SF) led to non-statistically significant changes in the total and all subscale scores of the primary outcome measure. Several effects of SF on biomarkers correlated to clinical improvements. SF was very well tolerated and safe and effective based on our secondary clinical measures. Clinical … Continue reading Does sulforaphane treat autism?

All about the betaine

A trio of papers on betaine, the first being a 2021 series of thorough rodent experiments relating betaine and gut microbiota, and cause and effect: “Compared with lean individuals, adipose tissues in obese individuals secrete high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, inducing: Systemic inflammation; Insulin resistance; Large amounts of carcinogenic … Continue reading All about the betaine

Eat oats and regain cognitive normalcy

This 2020 rodent study investigated effects of different diets: “The present study aimed to evaluate effects of β-glucan on the microbiota gut-brain axis and cognitive function in an obese mouse model induced by a high-fat and fiber-deficient diet (HFFD). After long-term supplementation for 15 weeks, β-glucan prevented HFFD-induced cognitive impairment, assessed behaviorally by object location, novel … Continue reading Eat oats and regain cognitive normalcy

Does skin improvement cause overall effects?

This 2019 human skin study found: “We demonstrated in aged mice that epidermal dysfunction largely accounted for age-associated elevations in circulating cytokine levels, and that improving epidermal function reduced circulating cytokine levels. We performed a pilot study to determine whether improving epidermal function reduces circulating proinflammatory cytokine levels in aged humans. Both aged human and … Continue reading Does skin improvement cause overall effects?

Eat oats to prevent diabetes

This 2020 rodent study investigated Type 2 diabetics eating oats along with a bad diet: “Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a metabolic disease which is characterized by a state of chronic low-grade inflammation with abnormal expression and production of multiple inflammatory mediators. Insulin resistance (IR), a condition where higher-than-normal concentration of insulin is needed to … Continue reading Eat oats to prevent diabetes

Treat your gut microbiota as one of your organs

Two 2021 reviews covered gut microbiota. The first was gut microbial origins of metabolites produced from our diets, and mutual effects: “Gut microbiota has emerged as a virtual endocrine organ, producing multiple compounds that maintain homeostasis and influence function of the human body. Host diets regulate composition of gut microbiota and microbiota-derived metabolites, which causes … Continue reading Treat your gut microbiota as one of your organs