This 2019 New York rodent study investigated multiple avenues to uncover mechanisms of obsessive-compulsive disorder:
“Psychophysical models of OCD propose that anxiety (amygdala) and habits (dorsolateral striatum) may be causally linked. Numerous genetic and environmental factors may reduce striatum sensitivity and lead to maladaptive overcompensation, potentially accounting for a significant proportion of cases of pathological OCD-like behaviors.
Our results indicate that both the development and reversal of OCD-like behaviors involve neuroplasticity resulting in circuitry changes in BLA-DLS and possibly elsewhere.”
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-45325-6.pdf “Amelioration of obsessive-compulsive disorder in three mouse models treated with one epigenetic drug: unraveling the underlying mechanism”
The researchers explored two genetic models of OCD, showed why these insufficiently explained observed phenomena, then followed up with epigenetic investigations. They demonstrated how and the degree to which histone modifications and DNA methylation regulated both the development and reversal of OCD symptoms.
However, the researchers also carelessly cited thirteen papers outside the specific areas of the study to support one statement in the lead paragraph:
“Novel studies propose that modulations in gene expression influenced by environmental factors, are connected to mental health disorders.”
Only one of the thirteen citations was more recent than 2011, and none of them were high-quality studies.
Update: It turns out this was retracted on February 23, 2021. The retraction note is at https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-84474-5.