This 2018 Chinese animal review subject was prenatal and perinatal anesthesia’s adverse epigenetic effects on a fetus/neonate:
“Accumulating evidence from rodent and primate studies has demonstrated that in utero or neonatal exposure to commonly used inhaled and intravenous general anesthetics is associated with neural degeneration and subsequent neurocognitive impairments, manifested in learning and memory disabilities.
So far, conflicting data exist about the effect of anesthetic agents on neurodevelopment in humans and no definite conclusion has been given yet.”
The inhibitors in the above graphic counter anesthesia’s effects on the fetus/neonate, summarized as:
“Epigenetic targeting of DNA methyltransferases and/or histone deacetylases may have some therapeutic value.”
Do physicians consider possible epigenetic alterations of a newborn’s chromatin structure and gene expression when they administer anesthesia to mothers during childbirth?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079265/ “Epigenetic Alterations in Anesthesia-Induced Neurotoxicity in the Developing Brain”