This 2015 German paper with 342 references described:
“Increasing evidence that milk is not “just food” but represents a sophisticated signaling system of mammals.
This paper highlights the potential role of milk as an epigenetic modifier of the human genome paying special attention to cow milk-mediated overactivation of FTO [a gene associated with fat mass and obesity] and its impact on the transcriptome of the human milk consumer.”
The author declared “no competing interests” and “There are no sources of funding.” He presumably wasn’t pressured into writing this paper.
The paper wasn’t agenda-free, however. The main thesis was:
“Persistent milk-mediated epigenetic FTO signaling may explain the epidemic of age-related diseases of civilization.”
There were separate sections on how milk may promote:
- Breast cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Metabolic syndrome
- Coronary heart disease
- Early menarche
- Type 2 diabetes
- Neurodegenerative diseases
I don’t eat or drink dairy products because I’m lactose-intolerant. I coincidentally don’t have any of the diseases mentioned in the paper.
My life experiences haven’t led me to share the author’s sense of alarm, or to attribute other people’s problems to their consumption of milk products. However, more than a few problems I’ve had are things I’ve done to myself through actions or inaction that may have turned out differently if I had better information.
So I curated this article in case we’re insufficiently informed about the harmful epigenetic effects of milk. What do you think?
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687119/ “Milk: an epigenetic amplifier of FTO-mediated transcription? Implications for Western diseases”