This 2021 rodent study investigated amino acid taurine effects on colitis:
“Taurine plays an important role in various essential biological processes. Health beneficial effects of taurine have been generally attributable to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Taurine chloramine (TauCl) is an endogenous anti-inflammatory substance derived from taurine. In fighting exogenous pathogens, neutrophils utilize one powerful weapon in their arsenal: generating the strong oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which is nature’s germ killer.
Taurine can act as a trap for HOCl forming the long-lived oxidant TauCl, which is more stable and less toxic than HOCl. TauCl (20 mg/kg) was given on daily basis by gavage for 10 days before and for 3 days after intrarectal administration of 2.5% TNBS:
TauCl inhibits generation of proinflammatory mediators by phagocytic cells. Taurine exerts an anti-inflammatory as well as antioxidant action by preventing cytolytic damage caused by HOCl generated by inflammatory cells, particularly neutrophils.
These results suggest that TauCl exerts a protective effect against colitis through upregulation of Nrf2-dependent cytoprotective gene expression, while blocking proinflammatory signaling mediated by NFκB and STAT3.”
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3921/10/3/479/htm “Protective Effects of Taurine Chloramine on Experimentally Induced Colitis: NFκB, STAT3, and Nrf2 as Potential Targets”
Other curated taurine studies include: