A hippocampal protein that increases when stress increases

This 2015 Michigan human/rodent study found:

“Gene expression profiling in postmortem human brain and studies using animal models have implicated the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family in affect regulation and suggest a potential role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD).

We show that FGF9 expression is up-regulated in the hippocampus of individuals with MDD, and that FGF9 expression is inversely related to the expression of FGF2.”

The researchers went down the evolutionary scale from human findings to replicate many of the findings with rodents:

“We found that chronic social defeat stress, an animal model recapitulating some aspects of MDD, leads to a significant increase in hippocampal FGF9 expression.

Collectively, these results suggest that high levels of hippocampal FGF9 play an important role in the development or expression of mood and anxiety disorders.”

http://www.pnas.org/content/112/38/11953.full “Fibroblast growth factor 9 is a novel modulator of negative affect”

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