Eat oats for β-glucan and resistant starch

This 2021 review highlighted effects of processing oat products: “Starch contents in oats ranges from 51% to 65%. Resistant starch (RS) accounts for 29.31% of starch content in raw granular form of oat starch. RS in raw oat starch is RS2 starch, where its slow digestion is mainly due to the compact nature of starch … Continue reading Eat oats for β-glucan and resistant starch

Let β-glucan train your brain

This 2021 rodent study investigated yeast cell wall β-glucan’s effects on the brain’s immune system: “Innate immune memory can manifest in two different ways, [1] immune training and [2] immune tolerance, which means [1] an enhanced or [2] suppressed immune response towards a secondary challenge. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and β-glucan (BG) are two commonly used ligands … Continue reading Let β-glucan train your brain

Oat β-glucan effects on colitis

This 2021 rodent study investigated oat β-glucan effects on colitis: “In this study, we determined effects of consumption of low- and high-molar-mass oat beta-glucans on expression of selected markers of apoptosis and autophagy in colonocytes in TNBS colitis-induced rats. We analyzed expression of colon wall receptors, including TLRs and Dectin-1, which are involved in recognition … Continue reading Oat β-glucan effects on colitis

Evaluating a company-sponsored β-glucan paper

This 2020 review subject was yeast cell wall β-glucan effects in humans: “The first aim of this review is to collate and interpret the existing pre‐clinical research on β‐1,3/1,6‐glucan with regard to immunity in order to clarify its molecular mechanism of immunomodulatory action. The second aim of this review is to collate and evaluate the … Continue reading Evaluating a company-sponsored β-glucan paper

Choosing your future with β-glucan

This 2020 rodent study investigated yeast cell wall β-glucan effects on bacterial infections: “β-glucan is a potent inducer of epigenetic and functional reprogramming of innate immune cells, a process called trained immunity, resulting in an enhanced host response against secondary infections. We investigate whether β-glucan exposure confers protection against pulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. β-glucan … Continue reading Choosing your future with β-glucan

β-glucan comparisons

This 2018 rodent study compared and contrasted commercially available β-glucans: “β-glucans are natural biologically-active compounds called ‘biological response modifiers.’ This study is a follow-up of our three previous studies that tested 43 different glucans. We used 16 different glucans isolated from yeasts, mushrooms, algae, and oats. We compared their effects on phagocytosis, IL-2 production, antibody … Continue reading β-glucan comparisons

An oats β-glucan clinical trial

This 2020 human study investigated effects of processing β-glucan: “Nutritional advantages of oats compared to many other grains include gluten-free nature, high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein composition which complements that of pulses, and substantiated health effects of fibers, specifically oat β-glucan. Novel oat products, which are often semi-solid or liquid, generally need alterations … Continue reading An oats β-glucan clinical trial

Anti-tumor effects of β-glucan

This comprehensive 2020 rodent study investigated dozens of scenarios for β-glucan in the context of anti-tumor immunity: “Neutrophils and granulopoietic progenitors are major cellular effectors of β-glucan-induced trained immunity. The anti-tumor effect of β-glucan-induced trained immunity was mediated by qualitative changes in neutrophils. A tumor-suppressive phenotype in neutrophils was associated with training of granulopoiesis mediated … Continue reading Anti-tumor effects of β-glucan

Reprogram inflammation with β-glucan

This 2020 French human cell study found: “Exposure of mononuclear phagocytes to β-glucan contributes to the induction of innate immune memory, which is associated with long-term epigenetic, metabolic, and functional reprogramming. We investigated how preincubation of human monocytes with particulate β-glucan affects the biological response of macrophages following NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Upon infection or cellular … Continue reading Reprogram inflammation with β-glucan

Take responsibility for your one precious life – β glucan

From the main page of https://www.betaglucan.org/, a compilation for researchers: “Beta Glucan extracted from yeast cell wall, can be a potent immune response potentiator and modulator. A common test to determine a glucan’s immune response potentiation effectiveness is the measure of the degree to which a glucan increases the nitric oxide burst, a pathogen killing … Continue reading Take responsibility for your one precious life – β glucan

Choosing your gut immune response

This 2021 paper reviewed evidence for immune system effects associated with specific gut areas: “The intestinal immune system must not only contend with continuous exposure to food, commensal microbiota, and pathogens, but respond appropriately according to intestinal tissue differences. The entire intestine, inclusive of its lymph nodes, is considered a immunosuppressive organ overall compared to … Continue reading Choosing your gut immune response

Choosing appropriate dietary fibers

This 2021 rodent study investigated effects of dietary fibers on Type 2 diabetes: “Nine types of dietary fibers were used to investigate and evaluate their effects on type-2 diabetic rats via physiology, genomics, and metabolomics. In human clinical trials, supplementation with dietary fibers was found inversely associated with risks of diabetes, along with improvement on … Continue reading Choosing appropriate dietary fibers

Part 3 of Make your gut microbiota happy

Continuing from Part 2, my 7/15/2021 sample found that no bad bacteria needed work. Top three reasons why this may be are: 1. I’ve eaten microwaved broccoli sprouts every day for 68 weeks now. Relevant research: Curated Eat broccoli sprouts instead of antibiotics back in May after adding red cabbage sprouts and mustard sprouts; and … Continue reading Part 3 of Make your gut microbiota happy

Fat-soluble vitamin competition

This 2015 rodent study investigated interactions of Vitamins A, D, E, and K: “Significant competitive interactions for uptake were elucidated among vitamin D, E and K, supporting the hypothesis of common absorption pathways: Vitamin A – Neither vitamin D nor K impacted vitamin A uptake. Vitamin E significantly improved vitamin A uptake at medium and … Continue reading Fat-soluble vitamin competition

Eat whole oats for your gut microbiota

Two papers on whole grains, with the first a 2021 review: “Whole grains are more complex than refined grains and are promoted as part of a healthy and sustainable diet, mainly because the contribution of indigestible carbohydrates, and their co-passenger nutrients, is significantly higher. Changing composition and availability of grain carbohydrates and phytochemicals during processing … Continue reading Eat whole oats for your gut microbiota